FSSAI introduces nutrition standards for pulses

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FSSAI has notified the Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Ninth Amendment Regulations, 2018. This Amended Regulations prescribe revised standards for all pulses and new standards for whole and decorticated Pearl Millet grains, Degermed Maize flour and Maize Grit, Couscous, Tempe, Textured soy Protein, Sago flour, Honey, Bee Wax & Royal Jelly as prescribed by the Indian Council of Medical Research and accepted by the FSSAI. Thus, quantity of nutrients added to the articles of food shall not exceed the recommended standard. With these new standards of products, the falsification and adulteration practices could be curbed. The Food Business Operator shall comply with all the provisions of these regulations by 1st January 2019. The changes brought by this amendment Regulation are tabulated below-

Regulation Provisions before Amendment Provisions after Amendment
2.3.47 Groundnut kernel (deshelled) for direct human consumption commonly known as moongphali shall be free from non-edible seeds such as mahua, caster, neem or argemone, colouring matter and preservatives, and shall conform to the following standards:

 

i.          Moisture Not more than 7.0 per cent

 

ii.          Damaged kernel including slightly damaged kernel Not more than 5.0 per cent by weight.

 

iii.          Aflatoxin content Not more than 30 parts per billion.

Groundnut kernel (deshelled) for direct human consumption commonly known as moongphali shall be free from non-edible seeds such as mahua, caster, neem or argemone, colouring matter and preservatives, and shall conform to the following standards:

 

i.          Moisture Not more than 7.0 per cent

 

ii.          Damaged kernel including slightly damaged kernel Not more than 5.0 per cent by weight.

 

2.4.6(2) Wheat shall be the dried mature grains of Triticum aestivum Linn or Triticum vulgare vill, triticum drum Desf., triticum sphaerococcum perc., Triticum dicoccum schubl., Triticum Compactum Host. It shall be sweet, clean and wholesome. It shall also conform to the following standards:

i.          Moisture— Not more than 14 per cent by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

ii.          Foreign matter — Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not (Extraneous matter) more than 0.25 per cent. By weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent. by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

iii.          Other edible grains Not more than 6 per cent by weight.

iv.          Damaged grainsù Not more than 6.0 per cent by weight

v.          Weevilled grains— Not more than 10 per cent by count.

vi.          Uric acid— Not more than 100 mg. per kg.

vii.          Aflatoxin Not more than 30 micrograms per kilogram

viii.          Deoxynivalenol (DON) Not more than 1000 micrograms per kilogram.

 

Wheat shall be the dried mature grains of Triticum aestivum Linn or Triticum vulgare vill, triticum drum Desf., triticum sphaerococcum perc., Triticum dicoccum schubl., Triticum Compactum Host. It shall be sweet, clean and wholesome. It shall also conform to the following standards:

i.          Moisture— Not more than 14 per cent by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

ii.          Foreign matter — Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not (Extraneous matter) more than 0.25 per cent. By weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent. by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

iii.          Other edible grains Not more than 6 per cent by weight.

iv.          Damaged grainsù Not more than 6.0 per cent by weight

v.          Weevilled grains— Not more than 10 per cent by count.

vi.          Uric acid— Not more than 100 mg. per kg.

vii.          Deoxynivalenol (DON) Not more than 1000 micrograms per kilogram.

 

2.4.6(3) Maize shall be the dried mature grains of Zea mays Linn. It shall be sweet, hard, clean and wholesome. It shall also conform to the following standards, namely:

i.          Moisture- Not more than 16.0 per cent by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

ii.          Foreign matter — Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not (Extraneous matter) more than 0.25 per cent. by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent. by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

iii.          Other edible grains – Not more than 3 per cent by weight.

iv.          Damaged grains- Not more than 5 per cent by weight.

v.          Weevilled grains- Not more than 10 per cent by count.

vi.          Uric acid- Not more than 100 mg. per kg.

vii.          Aflatoxin Not more than 30 micrograms per kilogram

Maize shall be the dried mature grains of Zea mays Linn. It shall be sweet, hard, clean and wholesome. It shall also conform to the following standards, namely:

i.          Moisture- Not more than 16.0 per cent by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

ii.          Foreign matter — Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not (Extraneous matter) more than 0.25 per cent. by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent. by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

iii.          Other edible grains – Not more than 3 per cent by weight.

iv.          Damaged grains- Not more than 5 per cent by weight.

v.          Weevilled grains- Not more than 10 per cent by count.

vi.          Uric acid- Not more than 100 mg. per kg.

2.4.6 (4) Jawar and Bajra shall be the dried mature grains of Sorghum Vulgare Pers. and Pennisetum – typhyoideum Rich, respectively. These shall be sweet, hard, clean and wholesome. These shall also conform to the following standards, namely:

i.          Moisture- Not more than 16.0 per cent by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

ii.          Foreign matter -Extraneous Matter Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not more than 0.25 per cent. by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

iii.          Other edible grains Not more than 3 per cent by weight.

iv.          Damaged grains Not more than 6 per cent by weight our of which ergot affected grains shall not exceed 0.05 percent by weight.

v.          Weevilled grains Not more than 6 per cent by weight.

vi.          Uric acid Not more than 100 mg per kg

vii.           Aflatoxin Not more than 30 micrograms per kilogram.

Jawar shall be the dried mature grains of Sorghum Vulgare Pers. and shall be sweet, hard, clean and wholesome, which shall conform to the following standards, namely:

       i.          Moisture Not more than 16 per cent. by weight (obtained by heating the pulverised grains at 130oC-133oC for two hours).

     ii.          Foreign matter -Extraneous Matter Not more than 1 per cent. by weight of which not more than 0.25 per cent. by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10 per cent. by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.

   iii.           Other edible grains Not more than 3 per cent. by weight.

   iv.          Damaged grains Not more than 6 per cent. by weight out of which ergot affected grains shall not exceed 0.05 per cent. by weight.

     v.           Weevilled grains Not more than 6 per cent. by weight.

   vi.          Uric acid Not more than 100 mg per kg.

2.4.6(22) Previously not there in the principal Regulation Pulses: This standard applies to the whole or shelled or split pulses and they shall be free from toxic or noxious seeds and added coloring matter. It also applies to mix of various pulses covered in this standard. List of the pulses which shall be covered under the standards are also given.
2.4.8 (1) CORN FLAKES means the product obtained from dehulled, degermed and cook corn (Zea mays L.) by flaking, partially drying and toasting. It shall be in the form of crisp flakes of reasonably uniform size and golden brown in colour. It shall be free from dirt, insects, larvae and impurities and any other extraneous matter. It shall conform to the following standards:

i.          Moisture Not more than 7.5% Total ash excluding salt Not more than 1.0 per cent (on dry weight basis).

ii.           Ash insoluble in dilute HCl Not more than 0.1 percent (on dry weight basis).

iii.          Alcoholic acidity (with 90 per cent alcohol) Shall be equivalent to not more than 2.0 ml. N. NaOH per 100 g. of dried substance

Corn flakes means the product obtained from dehulled, degermed and cook corn (Zea mays L.) by flaking, partially drying and toasting. It may contain any other permitted ingredients appropriate to the product whose standards are prescribed in these regulations. It shall be in the form of crisp flakes of reasonably uniform size and golden brown in colour. It shall be free from dirt, insects, larvae and impurities and any other extraneous matter. The Corn flakes shall conform to the following standards, namely.:

i.          Moisture (per cent. By mass), Max. 7.5

ii.          Total ash excluding salt (per cent. on dry mass basis ), Max 1

iii.          Ash insoluble in dilute HCl (per cent. on dry mass basis ), Max 0.1

iv.          Alchoholic acidity (with 90 per cent. alcohol) Shall be equivalent to not more than 2.0 ml. N. NaOH per 100 g. of dried substance

2.4.24 Previously not there in the principal Regulation Degermed Maize (Corn) Meal and Maize (Corn) Grits definition and its standards.
2.4.25 Previously not there in the principal Regulation Couscous, preparation of couscous and its standards.
2.4.26. Previously not there in the principal Regulation Tempe, its ingredients and standards
2.4.27 Previously not there in the principal Regulation Textured Soy Protein and its standards
2.4.28 Previously not there in the principal Regulation Sago Flour and its standards
2.7.6 Previously not there in the principal Regulation Dry Mixtures of Cocoa and Sugars, its essential requirements and standards.
2.8.3 HONEY means the natural sweet substance produced by honey bees from the nectar of blossoms or from secretions of plants which honey bees collect, transform store in honey combs for ripening. When visually inspected, the honey shall be free from any foreign matter such as mould, dirt, scum, pieces of beeswax, the fragments of bees and other insects and from any other extraneous matter. The colour of honey varies from light to dark brown. Honey:

i.          Honey shall be the natural sweet substance produced by honey bees from the nectar of blossoms or from secretions of plants, which honey bees collect, transform and store in honey combs for ripening. It shall possess pleasant aroma, sweet flavour and taste characteristic of honey.

ii.          Honey shall be free from organic and inorganic matter including visible mould, insects and insect debris, fragments of bees, brood, pieces of bees wax, grains of sand, and any other extraneous matter.

iii.          Honey consists essentially of different sugars, predominantly fructose and glucose as well as other substances such as organic acids, enzymes and solid particles derived from honey collection. The colour of honey varies from nearly colourless to dark brown. The consistency can be fluid, viscous or partly to entirely crystallised.

iv.          Honey sold as such shall not have added to it any food ingredient, including food additives, nor shall any other addition be made other than honey.

Details of the standard of honey including bees wax and royal jelly and the requirements that honey shall comply with is also mentioned.

Honey can be labelled according to floral or plant source, if the product comes essentially from the indicated source and possesses its organoleptic, physicochemical and microscopic characteristics corresponding with that origin.

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